Root canal treatments are one of the very most dreaded of dental procedures. If the dental decay is left untreated, it progresses deep in the tooth and reaches the pulp tissue. Root canal treatment is performed to replace the infected pulp with a filling. this source The treatment is used to save tooth which would otherwise must be removed. Let’s understand the procedure in detail.
How can tooth get infected?
The basis canals of teeth consist of nerves and blood vessels, which nourish tooth providing oxygen and nutrients. When the dental decay in the outer layers of tooth is neglected, it progresses to the main canals, where in fact the nerves and blood vessels get infected and inflamed. The inflamed pulp tissue dies and is replaced by infected material and pus. This causes pain and swelling, and if left untreated could cause injury to the surrounding bone structure causing tooth abscess. Hence root canal treatment is performed to get rid of the infected pulp and change it with a filling.
After the infected pulp is removed, the nutrition for the tooth comes from the tissues surrounding the tooth. Other reasons that’ll damage tooth and cause infection are accidental cracks, leakage from the fillings and infection from the gums reaching to the foot of the roots.
Root canal procedure:
Also known as endodontic treatment, the main canal treatment involves cleaning and sterilizing the main canal and removing the infected tissue. The task is carried out by your dentist over several visits depending on the situation. If the tooth has a dynamic infection, antibiotics are prescribed for 3-5 days to reduce the pain and infection. Local anesthesia is given just before treatment so the patient is comfortable. First of all, a plastic dam is positioned round the infected tooth to guarantee the tooth is dry during the treatment and to prevent contamination of the canals. After opening top of the layer of tooth with a dental drill, the dentist will access the pulp chamber of the tooth and eliminate the infected pulp.
The next step is to wash the inner of your tooth using a series of small files. With assistance from these tooth files, the pulp chamber and canal is cleaned and enlarged. This part usually takes a long time and may must be carried out in multiple visits. Additionally, it is dependent upon the tooth that’s infected. The premolars and molars have two or three roots with multiple canals, hence the more roots tooth have, the longer the treatment will decide to try continue. During the very first visit, temporary filling is performed following the tooth has been thoroughly cleaned.
During the following visit, the temporary filling is removed, the canal is filled and the tooth is sealed with a crown. The crown protects the root-filled tooth from fracturing.
Avoid eating hard foods before the treatment is complete. Maintain a good oral hygiene by regular brushing and flossing. Limit your intake of sugar and colas. With proper care, your treated tooth can last a lifetime.